Gingivectomy is periodontal surgery that removes and reforms diseased gum tissue or other gingival buildup related to serious underlying conditions.
For more chronic gum conditions (i.e. peridontal disease), gingivectomy is utilized after other non-surgical methods have been tried, and before gum disease has advanced enough to jeopardize the ligaments and bone supporting the teeth.
Signs of periodontal disease:
Swollen, tender gums
Persistent bad breath
Gums pulling away from teeth